Municipality of Tukuran



Nickname(s): Home of Liceo de Zamboanga; Swimming Capital of Zamboanga del Sur; Isthmus of Zamboanga Peninsula
Motto: Lihok Tukuranon

Tukuran is a fourth class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Sur, Philippines. According to 2010 census, it has a population of 37, 883 people.

Kargado, amovie starring Gardo Versoza, was shot in Tukuran at Tabak E Beach resort (Now E and D beach) in 1998 (circa).


Tukuran is politically subdivided into 25 barangays.

  • Alindahaw
  • Baclay
  • Balimbingan
  • Buenasuerte
  • Camanga
  • Curvada
  • Laperian
  • Libertad
  • Lower Bayao
  • Luy-a
  • Manilan
  • Manlayag
  • Militar
  • Navalan
  • Panduma Senior (Formerly Lambayong)
  • Sambulawan
  • San Antonio
  • San Carlos (Pob.)
  • Santo Niño (Pob.)
  • Santo Rosario
  • Sugod
  • Tabuan
  • Tagulo
  • Tinotungan
  • Upper Bayao


The population growth rate of Tukuran placed at 2.74 %. The 2010 population and household projection based on NCSO 2007 revealed that the municipality of Tukuran has a total number of 37, 883 inhabitants and compose of 7, 625 households. The present population counts progressively increasing annually.

Population census of Tukuran
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 26,854
1995 30,506 +2.42%
2000 33,747 +2.19%
2007 36,591 +1.12%
2010 37,883 +1.27%
Source: National Statistics Office[1]



Population  Characteristic

Religious Sectors

People believe that faith and trust to the great father in  heaven, an individual in sustaining spiritual needs as well as the ups-and-downs of life. The Tukuran populace in no exception. The people are mostly christian believers as majority of the population belong to the Roman Catholic faith. The rest are spread to Islam and to different sects such as protestants and etc.

Ethnic Groups and Languages

    • The municipal population is a conglomeration of different tribes  and ethnic origins. Based on various migration patterns, the Subanen are known to be the longest established group. They were followed by the Muslims and then by the Visayan people. Of these varied groups, the cebuanos that came from the Visayas Region dominate all others.
    • The major dialect in the municipality, which is being spoken by the majority of the total population, is the binisay/bisaya followed by different languages from others who migrated to the municipality.

Education/ Literacy

    • There are 26 educational institutions operating in the LGU. Eighteen are complete elementary schools, one of which is privately operated,l and 8 primary schools. The combines enrollments of these schools indicate a participation rate of 94.62%.
    • Under the secondary level, there are 4 national high schools and 1 private high school. The combined enrollments of these schools indicate a participation rate of 66.92%. This information describes that as the level of education get higher, the enrollment decreases despite the free secondary education offered by the government.


      • In the computation based on projected population on employment status of Tukuran, Zamboanga del Sur, the LGU has 94.54% population in the labor force and 42.46% not in the labor force.


      • About 78% of the LGU population belongs to low-income social group. Majority of these people are engage in farming and fishing, while few are in the trading business, just to be able to make a living.


      • Extension of best health to the community is one of the priority programs of the Local Government Unit of Tukuran. Rural Heath Unit, Barangay Health Station and private clinic undertake the delivery of health services in the locality. There are only six (6) barangay health station and one(1) health center operating in the municipality. Government and private hospitals are located in adjacent city and municipality line Pagadian City and Aurora. The Rural Health Unit of Tukuran has nine(9) personnel, which are supervised by the Municipal Physician.

Social Welfare

      • Social welfare services are a program designed to help the unfortunate members of the society to live at least in a decent way of life. In Tukuran, this is the responsibility of the MSWDO. Civic Groups and other religious organizations are involved and work hand in hand with the government by providing social welfare program, child /youth welfare program, self employment assistance, emergency assistance, program for elderly/ disabled persons, and other social services program.


      • Telegraph/Telephone System – has an existing landline communications; it is serviced  by the TELECOM under the umbrella of DOTC. Today, mobile phones still the most used telecommunication of inhabitants in the municipality powered by the GLOBE and SMART tower as service signal in the locality.
      • Mail services – The Philippine Postal Corporation which office is located inside the municipal building basically handles mail and delivery services. Private companies such as LBC, Air Cargo and JRS Express all based in the Pagadian City also extending their delivery services to the locality.


      • The municipality of Tukuran has three types of passenger facilities, which include the public utility jeepneys, tricycles and pedicabs. Land transportation fares vary upon the distance covered by the vehicle as mandated by the LTC and Municipal Executive Council.


      • The energization of the municipality of Tukuran was started by the ZAMSURECO-I on 1975. This is one between the electeric  cooperatives operating in the province. There are sixteen barangays energized by the ZAMSURECO-I, while barangay Tagulo on the other hand tapped its energy power supply from the LANECO, an electric cooperative operating in the neighboring province of Lanao del Norte.

Peace and Order

      • The PNP, BFP, AFP, CVO, Barangay Tanods and Bantay Dagat Volunteers are indispensable in sustaining the peace and order as they addressed the needs of the municipality in providing protective services. The PNP headquarters is located near Municipal Hall; two check points and two bantay dagat outpost are also existing. The local PNP is further assisted by the Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP) being stationed in Tukuran and the Philippine Armed Forces (AFP) stationed at barangays Tinotongan and Tagulo.


Agricultural Land Uses

      • The LGU of Tukuran ios basically an agricultural municipality. Out of the 13, 925 hectares, more than 3% is forest timberland, while the rest is alienable and disposable areas  devoted to various land uses.

Production and Productivity

      • Rice and corn are the major farm products of Tukuran, Zamboanga del Sur. For palay, the current productionis place at 3.25 – 4.0 MT per hectares while the corn is 1.10 – 1.14 MT per hectares. The farmers, pest and diseases infestation and inadequate infrastructure support facilities attribute the productivity to lack of farm inputs.

Fishery and Other Aquatic Resources

      • Tukuran is one of the coastal towns in the province of Zamboanga del Sur. The coastline is estimated at 9 kilometers that covers eight (8) barangays. The major fishing grounds area the Illana bay, Sibuguey Bay, Moro Gulf and Celebes Sea. Fish species commonly catch are tuna,  yellow fin, skip jack, mackerel among others.
      • Aside from fish resources, the municipality is also endowed with various marine products such as crabs, shellfish, seaweed, shrimps and some fishpond products like bangus and prawns.

Fish Sanctuary

      • The municipality has two established marine sanctuaries. One is located at barangays Alindahaw – Lower Bayao, while the other is located at barangays Sugod – Tagulo areas. Fishing is restricted  within the said sanctuaries. The LGU  is preserving the areas for future benefits of the small fishers, for recreation and for the natural breeding of fish.

Production and Productivity

      • For fishing activities , previous statistics showed the average volume for annual fish production of 3,659.62 MT. Each year, the average catch decreases. With the regulations and instructions on fishing which are now being implemented thru Hon. Councilor Raul P. Llagas as the  designated manager, we expect a gradual increase of fish catch by marginal fishermen.\


      • Tukuran has 3, 090.o hectares of forest land. It has an established forest reserve of 2, 500.o hectares and a established timberland of 932.0 hectares. Currently, records of the DENR showed that 3, 312.58 hectares of the areas are covered under a major Reforestation Project. Of this project, 1,216.58 hectares was established plantation for the year 1995 and up to this year there is no reforestation project being conducted. The LGU now is partnering with Barangay LGUs in protecting the forest from charcoal makers and the modern “kainingineros”.


      • The town is primarily agricultural with rice as its main crop. It also has a thriving fish port. The town’s long stretch on fine black sand is a popular weekend destination for people from Pagadian and neighboring towns.
      • One of the most important industries is fishery. Tukuran and Pagadian City and many of the western towns have rich fishing grounds and the fish caught in Tukuran and Pagadian City are transported to Ozamiz City, Iligan City and Cagayan de Oro City. The fish caught in the western towns, due to costly transportation, are either salted or dried and sold to neighboring provinces. Life in Tukuran is relatively abundant.


      • Tingson’s Pangisda Festival Competition – Tribal dance competition every January, organized by the owner of TS Fishing for yearly fiesta Sr. Sto. Niño of Cebu. On January 13, 2011, the second year competion was held with a grand prize of 50, 000 Philippine Peso. This competition will hopefully be held annually in coordinatiobn with the barangay (Sto. Niño) and Municipal LGUs.
      • Mutya Ng Tukuran – An annual beauty competition highlighting the Araw ng Tukuran Celebration every April 1 of the calendar year. The pageant is regularly held every March 31.
      • Sakayan Festival – An annual exhibition/parade of floats and the conduct of relevant activities sharing the same “sakayan” concept on the occasion of the “Araw ng Tukuran”.